Graham Hancock – People Don’t Know about Nabatean Civilization Found inside Crete Desert

Graham Hancock - People Don't Know about Nabatean Civilization Found inside Crete Desert

According to Graham Hancock as Technology advances in the jungle Becomes less dense something that used To be considered a made-up story is now Undeniable truth and according to new Discoveries there's no question that the Nabataean kingdom was a unique and very Different Lost Civilization than Anything we've seen in the 21st century As Graham Hancock explains these people Had a unique knowledge that is far Beyond our understanding with new Discoveries we learned about the Nabatian strange and Powerful abilities But with what scientists just discovered About this civilization turned Everything upside down on what we knew About our history Graham Hancock has Written about the nabataean kingdom in His book magicians of the Gods in the Book he discusses the possibility of A Lost Civilization that predates the Known history of the naboteans and Suggests that they inherited Advanced Knowledge and Architectural techniques From this earlier civilization Hancock Proposes the naboteans who were an Ancient Arab civilization that thrived In the region of modern day Jordan had Access to Advanced astronomical and Engineering knowledge He suggests that Their Rock card architecture Particularly the famous City of Petra Was not solely the result of the

Nabataean's own Ingenuity but was Influenced by a more ancient Civilization that possessed advanced Technology Hancock points to various features of The nabity and sites such as a precise Alignment with Celestial phenomena and Complex Hydraulic Engineering as Evidence of advanced knowledge that he Believes would have been beyond the Capabilities of the naboteans themselves But what do we know about this Civilization well the nabateean kingdom Was a strong and influential government That thrived in what is now Jordan from Around 400 BC to 106 A.D today it is Famous for the ruins of its main city Petra while there is evidence of a Prosperous community near Petra as early As 312 BC historians generally consider The official start of the nabatian Kingdom to be in 168 BC when their first King came to power the kingdom lasted Until 106 A.D when it was taken over by The Roman Empire specifically under the Rule of Emperor trajan the naboteans Were nomadic people from the Arabian Region who lived in the najeev desert They gained their riches by being Traders among the incense routes these Roots stretch from cataban in Present-day Yemen through Sabah an Important trading center all the way to Gaza on the Mediterranean Sea the

Nevertheens traveled these routes Regularly which made them very familiar With the area they were skilled at Locating and preserving sources of water Which allowed them to transport Goods Faster and more efficiently than others In 1900 a team of archaeologists led by The British scholar and Explorer George Horsfield conducted extensive surveys And excavations at Petra they documented And studied the numerous tombs temples Theaters and other structures carved Into the rose-colored Sandstone Cliffs This research helped shed light on the Architecture urban planning and cultural Practices of the nabatian civilization Horsefield's team also uncovered an Important artifacts such as inscriptions And pottery which provided valuable Insights into the nabatians trade Networks religion and daily life the Discoveries made in 1900 and subsequent Archaeological worker Petra have greatly Expanded our knowledge of the nabateean Kingdom and its significance as a Thriving ancient civilization today Petra is a UNESCO world heritage site And is one of the most iconic Archaeological sites in the world So The Libertines built their City Pedra By carving it into the Sandstone Cliffs Of mountains this location was not easy To reach and they chose to build there After becoming wealthy from their trade

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For a long time Scholars and historians Have been puzzled by their decision to Build in such an inhospitable place with No natural water source nearby however Upon closer examination it becomes clear That their choice of location was Actually quite strategic being situated At Petra allowed the naboteans to keep a Close eye on the incense routes and Collect taxes from the Caravans passing Through their territory this further Enriched them and the difficult Accessibility of the city provided Protection against potential threats After being taken over by the Roman Empire in 106 A.D cities like Petra and Hegra which were part of the nabataean Kingdom gradually lost their influence Over the incense routes and their Control over the region this decline was Due to the emergence of Palmyra a city In Syria which became a major trade Hub Caravan started passing through the Nabataean cities resulting in a decrease In their wealth and Prestige although The emperor Aurelia destroyed Palmyra in Around 272 A.D it was too late to revive The nabataean economy by the time of the Arab invasion in the 7th Century A.D the Nabataean kingdom had been forgotten the Term incense Roots refers to various Paths that trade as followed between Southern Arabia and the port of Gaza From the 7th 6th centuries BC to the

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Second Century A.D during the 3rd Century BC trade along these routes Became highly profitable especially After the nabataeans gained control over The most significant cities along the Routes the incense routes don't Represent a single specific road but Rather a general direction the merchants Travel between Arabia and Gaza according To pity the Elder these roots spanned 1931 kilometers and took around 65 days To complete one way with an overnight Stop at a city whenever possible the Stops along the incense routes were not Just for taking a break but were Actually crucial for business For instance mamsheet was known for its Arabian horses which were highly valued And could be sold at a high price Merchants would travel from one city to Another trading their goods at each stop Before eventually reaching the final Destination of gar support if certain Cities started imposing heavy taxis or Merchants trades would shift towards More welcoming cities however the cities Controlled by the nabataean since the 3rd Century BC have become so important For trade along the Route but they Couldn't be bypassed or avoided among The cities along the incense routes were Halusa mamshit avdat ashifter these Cities not only provided goods for trade But also offered comfortable places for

Traders to stay the nabataeans built Forts along the route to ensure the Safety of merchants however they charged A fee for their protection just like the Taxes they imposed on Traders while the Naboteans were already prosperous as Traveling Merchants by the 3rd Century BC their wealth grew even more once they Established their Kingdom and gained Tight control over the incense routes The nabataans achieve remarkable success By taking control of water sources along The trade routes while other Arabian Tribes had to negotiate for water the Nabatians dug systems that filled with Rainwater they cleverly covered and Marked these systems with symbols known Only to them this strategy allowed them To travel more easily compared to their Trade Rivals furthermore they found a Solution to the water problem in Petra Through their Innovative technology the Naboteans developed an impressive system For transporting and conserving water Which was unmatched at the time and Still stands an exceptional feat in the Region despite facing occasional flash Floods in the area the nabataeans Ingeniously constructed dams systems and Aqueducts these efforts created an Artificial Oasis in an otherwise arid Region The Oasis not only provided Sustenance for the nabataeans but also Elevated their Kingdom to become the

Most influential power in the area the Exact timeline of when cities like Petra And hagra were built remains uncertain But they were already well established By the late 4th Century BC during this Time the nabataans had accumulated Significant wealth catching the Attention of antigonus the first a Greek General who would later become a king in 312 BC antigonus pretended to be Friendly with the naboteans and then Launched a surprise attack on Pedra Sending his son Demetrius to carry out The assault however the nabateeans were Not deceived and were prepared for Demetrius's attack their defensive Efforts were successful and demetrius's Offensive failed eventually made peace With the nabataeans and returned to his Father both antigoneus and Demetrius Were later driven out of the region in a Subsequent conflict with an appetit While the nevertheens were an Influential and prominent civilization In their own right there were several Other civilizations that coexisted with Them during their existence these Civilizations played significant roles In shaping the cultural economic and Political landscape of the ancient world One of the most prominent civilizations That existed contemporaneously with the Naboteans was the Roman Empire during The height of the nabataean civilization

The Romans had already established their Dominance over much of the Mediterranean Region and Beyond the nabataeans had a Complex relationship with the Romans at Times forming alliances and benefiting From trade with them while and other Times engaging in conflicts the Romans Eventually annexed the namatian kingdom In 106 A.D incorporating it into the Province of Arabia Petraeus another Civilization that coexisted with the Nabataeans was a Hellenistic Civilization particularly during the Early years of the nabataean Kingdom the Hellenistic period followed the Conquests of Alexander the Great and saw The spread of Greek culture and Influence across the Eastern Mediterranean and Beyond the nabataans Adopted and adapted elements of Hellenistic culture including Architecture and Artistic Styles while Maintaining their distinctive cultural Identity the interaction between the Nebataeans and the Hellenistic World Influenced both civilizations and Contributed to a rich cultural exchange The parthian Empire a major power in the Near Eastern the nabatian era also Interacted with the naboteans the Parthians controlled territories in Modern-day Iran and Iraq and engaged in Trade and diplomacy with the naboteans The Caravan routes that connected the

Nabataean kingdom to the parthian empire Were vital conduits for Commerce Facilitating the exchange of goods and Ideas between the two civilizations Furthermore the existence of the Nepotian Kingdom was enormous and gained Widespread Fame during its existence Even centuries later historians like Strabo who lived until around 23 A.D and Idora's seculus made references to their Immense riches these writers along with Others consistently portrayed the Nabataeans in a favorable manner in his Histories di Doris specifically Discusses the wealth and customs of the Naboteans in book 19. strabo's account Of the naboteans aligns with the Doris's Overall betrayal but there is one Notable difference regarding their Drinking customs strawberry contradicts To Doris by stating that nabataeans Actually grew grapes for making wine and Enjoyed drinking it during Banquets However strabo emphasizes that unlike The Romans the naboteans didn't indulge In excessive drinking they limited Themselves to a maximum of 11 cups of Wine throughout an evening additionally Strawberry describes how the nabataeans Preferred camels over horses for Transportation or line cloths instead of Tunics and had a strong Democratic Culture in fact their king would insist On serving others at a banquet

Highlighting their egalitarian values in Nabateean culture women held a position Of equality with men inscriptions Provide evidence that women served as Priestesses co-rulers or even Independent monarchs they had the right To inherit and Manage Property own their Own tombs could initiate legal Proceedings and represent themselves in Court and were even featured on coins Interestingly some of the most revered Deities in the nabati in Pantheon were Female including alaihusa manuwat and That our knowledge of the religious Customs of the naboteans is limited but We do know that they practice polytheism And that they held the sun in higher Regard they conducted ceremonies on the Rooftops of temples to worship the Sun And they also honored their gods through Private rituals conducted at home there Was a Priestly class within their Society that both men and women could Join but the process of selection and The training required for priesthood Remain unknown it is likely that similar To Egypt the priest and priestesses Primarily serve the gods rather than the People it seems that the nepteans did Not have organized public worship Services apart from their participation In festivals and celebrations the goods Of the naboteans were not depicted in Large statues but rather their images

Were carved into doorways Temple corners And could easily be found on coins tubes Ceramics as well as amulets and charms During the early stages of the culture The three most significant gods were Alquam alcubi alooza these Gods played Crucial roles of the religious beliefs Of practices of the naboteans although They were not typically depicted in the Form of large statues in later times Additional deities emerged in the Nabateean pantheon these included Manawat who was the goddess associated With Destiny and fertility Alat who Represented renewal spring and fertility And dushara often referred to as Duchess The god linked to mounted daytime and The sun among these deities dushara was The most enduring and continued to be Worshiped from the rooftops of navity And temples even after the Roman Annexation of nabatia dushara remains Significant and continued to be depicted On coins the nabataeans were literate People who contributed to the Development of the Arabic script however Most of the knowledge we have about Their culture customs and rulers comes From the writing of Greek and Roman Authors we can also gain insights from Their architectural structures artwork And short inscriptions that they left Behind as the nebotain kingdom grew in Interacted more with neighboring regions

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They encountered both contact and Conflicts with other nations Consequently the kings of the nabataeans Gained recognition and mentioned more Frequently in the writings of those Nations however still the nabateeans had Their own unique writing system known as The nabataean script it was a form of Aramaic writing that developed and Evolved within the nabatian kingdom the Script was used primarily for Inscriptions on Rock monuments and tombs As well as for commercial and Administrative purposes under Roman rule The cities of the nabataeans experienced The decline and around 363 A.D an Earthquake caused significant damage to Many of these cities the region Eventually came under the control of the Eastern Roman Empire also known as the Byzantine Empire the byzantines Established churches in the cities and Worked to revive Commerce however Another destructive earthquake struck Around 551 A.D causing further Widespread destruction by the time of The Arab invasion in the 7th Century A.D The nepotian cities have been abandoned For a long time and The Libertines Themselves were largely forgotten the Cities of the naboteans particularly Petra remained hidden and forgotten for Centuries until the 19 18th Century A.D When European explorers started to

Venture into the area the captivating City of Petra played a significant role In drawing attention to the nabataean Culture throughout the 20th Century A.D More Scholars and archaeologists visited The region and conducted excavations at The ancient sites which further fueled Interest in the nabataeans in 1985 A.D Petra was recognized as a world heritage Site and in 2007 A.D it was chosen as One of the new seven wonders of the World but never teas were exceptionally Skilled in the art of masonry as Demonstrated by the remarkable Structures that still exist in Petra the Mastery in this craft was unparalleled In the ancient world their ability to Seize every opportunity that came their Way played a vital role in their success Allowing them to become the wealthiest Kingdom in the region despite being Forgotten for many centuries the Navateans are now acknowledged as a Highly Advanced culture they not only Managed to survive the harsh climate of The region but also flourished in it Leaving a lasting Legacy of their Remarkable achievements moreover Saudi Arabia has revealed a new creation that Shows us what an ancient nabataean woman May have looked like it took a long time For historians and archaeologists to put This together this is the first time Something like this has been done they

Use the remains of a woman named hinat Who was found in a really old tomb in Hegra a place in the city of alula which Was once a bustling Oasis this all Happened back in 2015 and now we finally Get to see what she might have looked Like thanks to the Royal commission for Her lootless support the process of Reconstructing hinat started in the United Kingdom a team of experts from Different fields came together to piece Together the bone fragments found in the Tomb by using information from Anthropology and Archeology they were Able to create a picture of how she may Have looked finally a sculpture used a 3D printer to bring her face into Existence the navity and civilization Didn't write down a lot of history books So we don't have many written records About them instead we have to rely on Inscriptions found on tombs and rocks Across the Middle East as well as what Archaeologists have discovered these Sources give us a glimpse into the lives And culture of the naboteans the Nebotians are a bit of a mystery we know A lot but at the same time we know very Little because they didn't leave any Literary texts or records Lebanese French archaeologist the alanim the Director of the project told National Geographic Excavating this tomb was a Wonderful opportunity to learn more

About their idea of the afterlife neme Explained that the alphabet used by the Naboteans eventually transformed into The Arabic alphabet that they use today She also mentioned that the tomb they Discovered has a fascinating inscription On its front side the inscription Reveals that the two belong to a woman Named hinit it's interesting to point Out that the nabataean kingdom derived Its name from the naboteans the ancient Arab people who established and ruled The kingdom the never teens were a Semitic speaking people who inhabited The region of modern day Jordan Southern Syria and Northwestern Saudi Arabia and That's it for today subscribe to our Channel and hit the notification Bell

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